About 2 results for ‘Jordan’

  • Jordan


    Source: Wikipedia

    Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdaniyyah Al-Hashimiyyah is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing control of the Dead Sea with the latter. Jordan's only port is at its south-western tip, at the Gulf of Aqaba, which is shared with Israel, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Over half of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the western part of Jordan is arable land and forests. Jordan is part of the Fertile Crescent. The capital city is Amman. According to the CIA World Factbook, Jordan has the second highest life expectancy in the Middle East, after Israel. The average life expectancy is one position behind the United Kingdom, although the age remains exactly the same (80.05 years). The precursor to modern Jordan was founded in 1921 as the Hashemite Emirate, and it was recognized by the League of Nations as a state under the British mandate in 1922 known as The Emirate of Transjordan. In 1946, Jordan became an independent sovereign state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan. After capturing the West Bank area of Cisjordan during the 1948–49 war with Israel, Abdullah I took the title King of Jordan and Palestine, and he officially changed the country's name to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in April 1949. Modern Jordan is classified as a country of "medium human development" by the 2011 Human Development Report, and an emerging market with a free market economy by the CIA World Fact Book. Jordan has an "upper middle income" economy. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the United States went into effect in December, 2001 phased out duties on nearly all goods and services between the two countries. Jordan has also enjoyed "advanced status" with the European Union since December 2010 as well as being a member of the Euro-Mediterranean free trade area. Jordan has more Free Trade Agreements than any other country in the region. It has close relations with the United States and the United Kingdom, and became a major non-NATO ally of the United States in 1996. Jordan is a founding member of the Arab League, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Jordan was invited to Join the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Jordan was the first Arab and Middle Eastern state to join the International Criminal Court. The Jordanian Government is one of three members of the 22 Arab League states to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel, the others being the Egyptian and Palestinian governments. Part of a series on Jordan 40px Geography Climate  · Governorates  · Nahias Cities  · The Mediterranean Dead Sea  · Red Sea  · River Jordan Nature reserves  · Extreme points History  · Timeline Pre-modern history Ammon  · Moab  · Edom Nabataeans  · Ghassanids Islamic Empire  · Oultrejordain Greater Syria  · Ottoman Empire Hashemite rule Hashemites  · Arab Revolt Sykes-Picot  · Transjordan memo. British Mandate  · Emirate of Transjordan Kura Rebellion  · Adwan Rebellion  · Ikhwan raids1948 War  · 1967 War  · Black September Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace  · 2011 protests Economy International rankings Globalization Agriculture  · Defense industry Tourism  · Petra world heritage site Oil shale  · Renewable energy Nuclear energy  · Water supply Demographics  · Culture Religion  · Islam  · Christianity Freedom of religion  · Jordanian Arabic Art  · Cinema  · Cuisine Music  · Sports  · Scouts and Guides Holidays  · Prominent Jordanians Health · Education Hospitals  · Medical education List of Universities  · University of Jordan Education and Research Ministry Government and Politics Constitution  · Kings Prime Ministers  · Cabinet Parliament  · Political parties  · Elections Law enforcement  · Central Bank Foreign affairs  · Human rights Armed Forces Land Force  · Air Force  · Navy Special Forces  · Maintenance Corps Intelligence  · Special Security Design and Development Bureau Military ranks  · Arab Legion Transportation Airports  · Railways Royal Jordanian Airlines QAIA  · Aqaba seaport Communications Newspapers  · Internet JRTV  · ATV Index  · Outline Jordan portal


Show more results


Source: Wikipedia